Real Time Movement Queue
aconz2 last edited by
I'm experimenting with a closed loop control system but have some questions on movement queuing.
At a fixed time slice, say 1/10 seconds, the control loop running on a computer (duet connected over USB):
- reads some sensors
- compute a new target position that I know the machine can reach in the next time slice
- send the
G1 X... Y... F... M400with the feedrate calculated so the move takes the duration of a time slice and the move executes immediately
This works okay, but I think what happens is that the move gets scheduled with 0
DDA.h) since the movement queue never sees the next move.
Is there an existing setting that would give a move
startSpeed = endSpeed = topSpeed? If I hacked in a new mode for this, would it be as simple as overriding the move so that
startSpeed = endSpeed = topSpeedin
I'm not too concerned with the high jerk this might have since the moving inertia is pretty small and most moves will have similar speeds.
Another idea is to use
M595to set the queue length to 1 (or maybe 2?) so that there would always be a next move in the queue and sending another move would cause the previous move to execute immediately. And for this would not want to send
M400right? Otherwise it would schedule the move to have 0
The moves would execute 1 time slice later than anticipated but I think I could live with that.
aconz2 last edited by
Just replying to myself with some difficulties with the above approach after thinking about it some more.
Sending a move and expecting it to take exactly the expected time slice. Unless you mirror exactly how the Duet is calculating velocities etc (not to mention latency of processing the move), then the time will be off. This delta t error is then cumulative which is why it becomes an issue. Reading back the M400 to know it is complete and then proceeding is better, but you then introduce an additional latency of read M400, compute target, send position.
It is pretty desirable to keep the Duet respecting acceleration and jerk limits, but you need at least 3 moves going at all times, let's call them A, B, C.
- Move A is executing, B is next in the queue, and C does not exist
- We compute the target destination using data available right now (while A is executing) and send it as move C. This must complete before B begins executing
- Duet receives move C, adds it to the queue, and adjusts the speeds of move B
- Move A finishes and B begins
This could get shortened down to 2 moves A and B if the Duet could modify an in-progress move (before some deadline) once B got added. But that seems super complex.
The downside is that we have to compute move C with information at the moment while A is executing, but things will change while B is executing.
Some difficulties in doing the above are:
- knowing the true machine position at the time we compute move C. The duet will be somewhere between A's start position and A's end position but we ideally would know exactly where
- knowing where the Duet is actually in the queue currently, ie. we think A is still executing but is it now executing B because our time estimate was off? (as in the first difficulty mentioned). Its almost like we want a sync pulse to be sent whenever we start a new move (and would be extra nice to have the Duet send the move duration whenever it starts a move