Y axis skipping after many hours printing

  • i am a newbie so be forewarned but i found a slicer setting that helped my Y issues. apparently the print head would crash into high spots on the print high spots were cause by a setting for infill where it meets the edge of print (print settings \ advanced \ overlap ) it was pretty scary on taller narrow parts. as the extra amount built up the part would literally be taller in spots and the head would violently drag and extruder would even sometimes skip because of it.

  • Curious to what that setting is and I can not rule that possibility out completely. On the latest print where it is really bad I have no visible curling on the edges.

    Photos of latest print. I need to mention that this one is really bad. Much worse than previous ones so it might be something else going on here:

  • Yes, that's a very bad case of layer shifting. The usual culprit is the print head catching on some part of the print that has been over extruded and caused a "blob". This can cause the motor to skip steps, or the pulley to slip if it isn't tight, or if you use glass the glass can shift in it's clips. In extreme cases, the entire print gets knocked off the bed.

  • Hmm..

    This is getting weirder. I just printet two cubes with honeycomb fill and 60mm long on Y at higher speed than I normally use.

    Two short prints and no problems. Really annoying having to test with long running prints!

  • Printing a pink pangolin body as it seems I can not provoke the slip in any other way than long prints.

    Been printing a bit over 1 hour now and have step errors but no visible problem with print:
    MaxReps: 5, StepErrors: 396, MaxWait: 328350ms, Underruns: 0, 0

    So StepErrors might not be an issue?

  • administrators

    I'm wondering whether the step errors may be from the extruder control rather than from the axes. If you enable Move debug (M111 P4 S1) and connect a USB host then it will generate a short report whenever a step error is detected.

  • Thanks, I'll try that.

    My Pangolin print finished in 5-7 hours without any failures. Both annoyed and happy at the same time.

    And now I need to start going over all wiring. And I need to make a mark on the Y rod and pulley so I can see if is slips. And on the belt as well to eliminate mechanical failure.

  • After printing fine for a month now it started acting up again. Just started a long print with the debug on on the same gcode that failed last time now. Not sure what I'm hoping for really.

  • Does it juts act up on one particular file? I'm still thinking it's the print head catching on a "blob".

  • Hmm, just had en slight skew on Y axis and I paused then stopped print.

    there are a bunch of lines like this,

    2017-06-28 19:32:10,261 - Recv: DM0 ERR: dir=F steps=782 next=741 rev=762 interval=10314398 sstcda=74840 acmadtcdts=9606 tstcdapdsc=361687 2dtstc2diva=83482472448

    I have put it on Dropbox here: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/513954/serial.log

  • administrators

    Thanks for providing that log. I'll look at it in more detail tomorrow and run the moves through the simulator, but for now I can see that the step errors all relate to the first extruder drive (DM0). So they have not affected Y movement, just caused a small amount of under-extrusion.

  • Thanks,

    you can actually simulate whats in the serial logs?

    Here is the gcode file as well: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/513954/pad_mount_final_x_fast.gcode

    Don't know if you can see this in the serial logs. On the web control I set speed to 50% before layer 1 and increased to 100% soon after layer 1 was finished. The Y shift looks to be in one of the last layers before I stopped print.

  • administrators

    I just spent the afternoon tracking this down. There was a bug in the pressure advance calculation, which was causing the calculation to schedule too many steps if the move had a lot more acceleration than deceleration. A check in the step timing function found that the extra steps didn't make sense, so they were thrown away. Net result was no difference in the actual motion, just some step errors logged because the check failed. I've fixed this in firmware 1.19beta8.

  • You are talking about extrusion now? Or Y-movement as well?

    Can 1.19beta8 fix my Y shift issues?

  • @strips:

    …...............Can 1.19beta8 fix my Y shift issues?

    No. (because it's a mechanical issue, not firmware).

  • @strips:

    You are talking about extrusion now? Or Y-movement as well?

    Can 1.19beta8 fix my Y shift issues?

    It sounds like he's fixed the StepErrors number, which was incorrectly reporting step errors that weren't actually occurring.

  • administrators

    The fix prevents the superfluous extruder steps being scheduled. Previously they were scheduled, but cancelled and a step error recorded when the firmware found that they were scheduled to take place after the move was supposed to be complete. Axis movements were not affected at all.

    I agree that the Y axis shift problem is probably mechanical, most likely caused by the nozzle catching on a blob or on a small overhang that is curling up, or possibly by a problem in the motion system..

  • Ah well. Good you found one other bug from this 🙂

    Back to the planning board. What really bugs me is how intermittent this is. A month of several 10 - 20 hours prints an not a single issue then I get maybe 3 - 10 "skips" in 10 hours.

    Need to find something to mark all the belts and pulleys to see if I can spot any mechanical skips. I did this on the pulley on the rear Y shaft and it's still where it should be.

    One spot that's very difficult to see is the Y motor shaft and its pulley.

  • The chances are high that the nozzle catches on a blob or part of the print that, for whatever reason, has been over extruded and is sticking up. This will cause a collision and in any collision, something has to give. In extreme cases, if everything is tight and the motor doesn't stall or skip steps, then it'll dislodge the print form the bed. So rather than trying to find what is giving when the collision occurs, it is generally better to rectify whatever is causing the collision to occur in the first place. i.e eliminate any source of over extrusion or a build up of filament around the nozzle that falls off onto the print.

  • Hi Strips,

    did you check your wiring for the y-stepper ?

    I had a similar issue , one with the also the y-stepper and one somewhere with the power supply setup.
    After I crimpt the cable with new connectors, my issues disappeared completly.
    I used already a good crimping tool, but it looked like I worked not good enough on the first time.

    Just from my expierence.



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