6 axis delta 3D printer



  • Thanks for all these ideas, Haydn!

    About the extruder, I'm already using a custom one, build around a Nema14 scavenged from a geared motor: the output gear perfectly match a BMG gear (clone), giving a 5:1 ratio. And I'm using a FNU as hot-end, which has a long tube, so it is very easy to have the extruder above the effector (I did not plan to do otherwise).

    One big issue, though, is the extreme positions of the arms when tilting the effector, bumping in the motor... I think a solution would be to switch to a geared DC motor, as Stratasys use on there printers...



  • @fma said in 6 axis delta 3D printer:

    One big issue, though, is the extreme positions of the arms when tilting the effector, bumping in the motor... I think a solution would be to switch to a geared DC motor, as Stratasys use on there printers...

    Another crazy solution would be to use a very short Bowden extruder, with the motor mounted on another effector, driven by 3 additionnal motors.

    The Delta version of @deckingman monstruosity 😉



  • @fma said in 6 axis delta 3D printer:

    The Delta version of @deckingman monstruosity 😉

    Let me see you come up with a better way of feeding a 6 input mixing hot end with 6 extruders using 150mm Bowden tubes and which can print at up to 300mm/sec. Then you'll have the right to call my design a monstrosity.



  • @fma said in 6 axis delta 3D printer:

    Another crazy solution would be to use a very short Bowden extruder, with the motor mounted on another effector, driven by 3 additionnal motors.

    The Delta version of @deckingman monstruosity 😉

    I have actually been thinking about doing this for over a year, but I am not willing to upgrade electronics and there are not enough drives on a regular Duet 2 for this crazyness. Also, to give as much clearance as possible between the two sets of arms, I would rotate the 2nd delta setup so the towers sit directly between the 1st setup. This would mean though that you can't really remove large prints from the bed as one of the towers would always block it.

    Alternatively, a delta with a ball jointed 4th axis like I have been doing for a while, might be good enough. I am nearing the end of designing something very similar but with two 4th axis rails, joining at (x0, y0) for extra rigidity.



  • @Nxt-1 said in 6 axis delta 3D printer:

    I have actually been thinking about doing this for over a year, but I am not willing to upgrade electronics and there are not enough drives on a regular Duet 2 for this crazyness. Also, to give as much clearance as possible between the two sets of arms, I would rotate the 2nd delta setup so the towers sit directly between the 1st setup. This would mean though that you can't really remove large prints from the bed as one of the towers would always block it.

    That was my first idea, and I droped it for the reason you mentionned.





  • @fma said in 6 axis delta 3D printer:

    Kossel vertex and carriage

    Hi @fma, I have the basic vertex models for the Robotdigg 2040 corners in Fusion360 format as was taking advantage of lots of quiet-time with lockdown to learn the product. Let me know if any use. Re the comment above on strength of the magballs/arms - I am just working though doubling up to 12-arms as need to support a Nema17 for my Clay extruder, six arms just about worked but would one would occasionally snap off when starting.

    Not the cheapest solution, but I wanted the ease of magnetic attachment as need to remove the extruder for cleaning after prints. Should know in next couple of weeks how it goes.

    IMG_0354.JPG



  • Just to chime in my experience with inexpensive linear rails as another anecdote : The rails themselves were fine. It took some work on the carriage blocks to make the difference over delrin-covered ball bearing solutions I was looking for.

    I had to adjust the retaining wires to line up properly for the rails. This was the WORST part since that stupid wire is in the middle of everything and if it's off at all you're popping out bearing balls, rubbing the rail, or not feeding the bearings smoothly, but it is the difference between feeling like a lowish drag slide or a greased up pig in a teflon ice rink. As for replacing the ball bearings * themselves in the carriages and re-greased everything in super-lube which didn't really affect them as much as adjusting the retaining wire, but did make them near silent for me.

    Lots of youtube videos on reworking the carriages and why you should at least disassemble/ clean and re-grease them (at least the cheap ones) at a minimum. For the cost, a spare carriage block or two can save you a lot of frustration as well.

    • replaced with 3/32" Inch Si3N4 Silicon Nitride Ceramic Ball Bearings G5 Balls, the G5 is important since it's the grade of the bearing, I chose non magnetic materials since I don't want them getting fouled by my magnetic arm mishaps which after removing them into a magnetic tray I'm confident it would have affected their performance.


  • @jim said in 6 axis delta 3D printer:

    Hi @fma, I have the basic vertex models for the Robotdigg 2040 corners in Fusion360 format as was taking advantage of lots of quiet-time with lockdown to learn the product. Let me know if any use.

    @jim, yes, I'm interested with your design. A step file would be ok...

    Re the comment above on strength of the magballs/arms - I am just working though doubling up to 12-arms as need to support a Nema17 for my Clay extruder, six arms just about worked but would one would occasionally snap off when starting.
    Not the cheapest solution, but I wanted the ease of magnetic attachment as need to remove the extruder for cleaning after prints. Should know in next couple of weeks how it goes.

    Mmm, that's an interesting solution. Thank's for sharing!



  • @fma - https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4589432 has both STL and Step files. Let me know if you have any issues. I've not printed them as have the ALU versions from Robotdigg.



  • Perfect, thanks! I also plan to buy them from Robotdigg, it is just to integrate them in my design...



  • @fma said in 6 axis delta 3D printer:

    @dc42, what about a delta with 2 moving plateforms using the same rails for the 2 sets of arms?

    This is very close to what I've been thinking about lately, was just looking around to see if anyone had tried something like this and where they were up to.

    What I have in mind is essentially two coupled delta effectors, but this is over-defined so the second set will just be two extra arms that orient a pivoting hot-end.

    Anyway, this will be my first foray into the Duet/RepRapFirmware ecosystem, so thought I would say "hi". More questions to come, no doubt.



  • 5-axis test rig

    The frame for my test rig is coming along. Still waiting on the mainboard, belts and pulleys. Worth pointing out there are no magnets in this design - the push rods are under compression though the use of a tension spring or shock cord in this case. The same technique could be used for magnetic or spherical bearing type arms to augment the holding power or take up backlash/play.


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