Pressure Advance Calibration



  • (My first post here.) I feel printer tuning is still to a large extent a black art that we should be able to turn into a systematic process. As an experiment, I wanted to see if there was an easy way to calibrate the pressure advance coefficient and hacked together a short python script that generates a sequence of fast and slow linear extrusions.

    In this case I did a rather extreme version where print speed changed between 5 mm/s to 100 mm/s, and the pressure advance setting changed from 0 to 0.2s over 10 mm z height.

    0_1535925110977_IMG_1079.JPG

    In this case the optimal setting looks to be 0.074s. (Extruder is direct driven Titan Aero.)

    I've attached the script advance_cal.py and sample test.gcode if anyone else wants to try. The gcode assumed the bed center is (0,0) and likely requires a preamble (heaters, cooling fan etc). I pasted those from another file.

    Is this generally a valid approach, or am I missing something?

    edit: Updated script to support a bed center parameter, proper print height for z0, and python3 compatibility.


  • administrators

    Yes that's a valid approach. It's on our list to add a generator of pressure advance tests scripts to reprapfirmware.org, but it hasn't happened yet.



  • @digitalvision Did you really mean extrusion rate between 5 and 100mm/s or did you mean print speed? I suspect the latter as an extrusion rate of 100mm/sec is nowhere near attainable and would relate to a print speed in the order of 5,000 mm/sec.



  • @digitalvision Might be relevant to other trying to test: this is python2 syntax and won't run with python3.



  • So if I want to have gcode for printer with 0,0 on the corner I need to change to this?
    curr_x = 110
    curr_y = 110



  • Very very nice approach. I helped writing the marlin test generator, and I think it is useful here also, but that test generates a bunch of side-by-side lines, and the visual results are not as pleasing as this one.

    Just for reference, the marlin test is this one:

    http://marlinfw.org/tools/lin_advance/k-factor.html



  • @obeliks said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    So if I want to have gcode for printer with 0,0 on the corner I need to change to this?
    curr_x = 110
    curr_y = 110

    Plus the one hardcoded G1 line at line 32. Not strictly necessary but this would have better been parameterized also.

    Instead I just switched my printer to having 0,0 in the bed center. I wanted to do this for a while now. 😁 Now I need to find all places to adjust macros. 😂



  • Hah. Well I'll probably do the same for this test.



  • oh thanks!!!!

    Thet is jut great 😄



  • Just ran the test and found a value of 0.144 best for me. But then a question formed: is PA set for the extruder or the filament? I mean do I put it into config.g or the filament's config? I think the latter but I am not sure.



  • @wilriker It's up to you. If you find you need different values for different filaments, put it in a macro or even the start gcode. If you always use the same value, put it in config.g.



  • Here's another example on a different printer with a different extruder. Holding the print up to the light clearly shows the inverted color gradients showing differences in extrusion volumes.
    0_1535998086477_IMG_6349.JPG

    @deckingman said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    @digitalvision Did you really mean extrusion rate between 5 and 100mm/s or did you mean print speed? I suspect the latter as an extrusion rate of 100mm/sec is nowhere near attainable and would relate to a print speed in the order of 5,000 mm/sec.

    Yes, I meant print speed – thanks for pointing that out. The theory being that with proper pressure advance the extrusion width should remain constant independent of print speed and acceleration/deceleration.

    @wilriker said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    @digitalvision Might be relevant to other trying to test: this is python2 syntax and won't run with python3.

    Thanks – updated the script to be python 2/3 compatible. Apologies for the messy script too – this was literally a 15 minute hack.

    @obeliks said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    So if I want to have gcode for printer with 0,0 on the corner I need to change to this?
    curr_x = 110
    curr_y = 110

    I updated the script to allow a bed center setting.



  • @digitalvision Thanks.
    Now can someone explain my stupid ass how to output the result to a file? 😊



  • @obeliks said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    @digitalvision Thanks.
    Now can someone explain my stupid ass how to output the result to a file? 😊

    Try:

    python advance_cal.py > advance_cal.gcode


  • @wilriker said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    Just ran the test and found a value of 0.144 best for me. But then a question formed: is PA set for the extruder or the filament? I mean do I put it into config.g or the filament's config? I think the latter but I am not sure.

    It will vary a lot for different materials (i.e. PLA vs ABS) and may vary between different brands of the same materials even. I consider the value valid for the specific filment the test was made on and created macros to change the value when changing the filament.



  • I will be putting it in to the filament gcode. I will also split it per nozzle, since I have "quickchange" print head.



  • Thanks to everyone, I decided to put it in the filament's config. 🙂



  • @token47 said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    It will vary a lot for different materials (i.e. PLA vs ABS) and may vary between different brands of the same materials even. I consider the value valid for the specific filment the test was made on and created macros to change the value when changing the filament.

    Thinking about the mechanisms at work which cause pressure to build up, it's likely to depend on the viscosity of the filament if everything else (Bowden tube length, melt chamber size and nozzle diameter) remain the same. In my own experiments, I've found that print temperature can have a small effect as it changes the viscosity but I can't say that I've noticed any difference between brands of the same filament. In fact, I can't say that I've notice any difference between PETG at 220 and PLA at 195. Maybe the difference in temperature cancels out the different viscosity characteristics of the materials. I can't print ABS so cannot say if that behaves differently.



  • This is not completely on-topic but still fits here I hope:
    Linear Advance and Non-Linear Extrusion. Are they mutual exclusive or can they be used complementary? If the latter what would need to be tuned first?


  • administrators

    @wilriker said in Pressure Advance Calibration:

    This is not completely on-topic but still fits here I hope:
    Linear Advance and Non-Linear Extrusion. Are they mutual exclusive or can they be used complementary? If the latter what would need to be tuned first?

    They can both be used together. I don't think they should interact much, but if in doubt I suggest you tune nonlinear extrusion first.


Log in to reply